HaN SHI YI quan - masters

 


Master Wang Xian Zhaï
was born in 1885 in the Hebei province.
While still a child, he began to study Hsing Yi quan from the famous Master Kuo Yun Shun. Kuo was his famous uncle also called the Divine Palm. Master Kuo had real ability in Xing Yi Quan (boxing  of the body and the thought... Xing = form, Yi = will, thought, Quan = fist, or "to do instantaneously what the heart decides").
 

        Kuo insisted on the postures and simplified the form of the Tao Lu, then transmitted his art to Wang Xian Zhaï. As a diligent learner, Wang earned the respect and attention of his teacher and was able to dedicate himself fully to learning both the theory and practicality of this form of kung fu. Master Wang then became Kuos' last closed door student.

     After years of study with Kuo, Wang set out to start his own school. That first experience informed him of his inadequacy after meeting with defeat at the hands of a fellow martial artist. Returning to master Kuo, Wang rededicated himself, training harder with more repetitions and more forms. Feeling confident, Wang set out again to try his hand. Again he met with defeat, and again he trained harder in the traditional sense. Once more, he set out and once more  he returned. Wang realized something was amiss in the traditional method of martial learning and transmission. After this third time, Master Wang had observed that the practice of movements, and the exaggeration of the importance of the muscular force often with a conclusive aim, characterized the majority of the practice. He then decided to return to the sources of Kung Fu.
  Wang had gained a real pattern of study, that he would develop throughout his life. He would look deeper into all martial arts, indeed all things, and relish any opportunity to trade hands or knowledge with anyone he sought out, always looking for the truth in real ability. 

In 1907 Grandmaster Wang began to travel throughout China, from north to south.
   He taught at the Peking Army Academy, which he joined in 1913 as a cook, and at the Fuchoo Military School in Fukien Province.

        In 1918 Wang left Beijing and went southwards to search for the greatest masters of martial arts. 

  In his travels Grandmaster Wang met many other masters, gained first hand knowledge of other martial arts, and was able to analyze them thoroughly. With a solid, down-to-earth spirit and approach to the martial arts, Wang Xian Zhaï ultimately became enlightened as to the main core theories of kung fu.Wang discovered the rebirth of his own nature. His skill had a quality others would not understand. Any point of contact, was the point of contact, attack and defense were not separate. In reality, it looked accidental. But the "accident" happened in a new way at every new moment.

     
In the mid 1920's he took his experience and learnings and founded Yi quan; this crystallization of his kung fu knowledge into Yi quan being truly a revolutionary event.
In this same period of time Grandmaster Wang moved to Shanghai to teach. It was here that the most important association occurred. Wang met Chen Yen Tong, a scholar and teacher of one finger twa na (body massage). It was master Chen who recommended Wang investigate the ancient knowledge of pole standing (Zhong). It was here also that he met his best student, Master Han Xing Qiao. Master Han was studying one finger twa na with master Chen. Master Wang adopted master Han as his son, and took him into his house.  This period of time formed the foundation of the basic Yi quan training.
    In the summer of 1940, a few of his fellow practitioners and teachers suggested calling Yi quan by the name "Da Cheng quan" (Grand Achievement Fist) in praise, but Master Wang concluded that it was inappropriate as learning has no limits. Even though he was embarrassed by this and rejected this new name for his art, he was never one to correct his students in their personal matters, and so the name persists through today,  primarily through the school of the late Wang Juan Jie.

  In the 1940's Wang Xian Zhai  began to express his martial arts viewpoints in Peking newspapers. Besides discussing Yi quan characteristics, he invited people to come test his abilities. Many martial artists visited him and tried their hands. Among those that visited, many eventually became his humble students and friends the likes of which included Kenichi Sawai, founder of Ti Ki Ken. 
  

Master Wang was forced by the cultural revolution into teaching only the health preservation aspect of Yi quan. Although not different in essence, the purpose was taught soley as health preservation. 

 








A Brief Introduction of Master Han Xing Qiao

  Master Han Xing Qiao was born in Shanghai, China in 1909. 

      Master Han Xing Qiaos'  father,(Han you Sun), was a member of the imperial guards in the forbidden city. He was the personal bodyguard of Teng Hou Zhang. His Kung Fu background was diverse, but he was noted as a Ba Ji Quan stylist. The elder Han was also a doctor of medicine. Master Han You taught his son Xing Yi Quan, Ba Gua Quan, and Ba Ji Quan.
 
 Master Han Xing Qiao was an adept student of martial art and began a life in the martial arts with some of the best teachers in all of China. His instructors in Kung Fu included 
 Wang Lao De - Shuai Jiao
 Yao Xin - shuai Jiao
 Deng Yun Feng - Xing Yi Quan
 Wang Zhang Heng - Xing Yi Quan
 Liu Cai Chen - Xing Yi Chen / small frame Tai Chi Quan
 Lin (Liu) Jing Qinq - Ba Gua Quan
 Yiao Fu Chun - large frame Tai Chi Quan, Xing Yi Quan
 Shang Yun Xing - Xing Yi Quan
 Wu You Wei - founder of Liu He Ba Fa... (water boxing) who was also a student of Qieu Xian Tan in Shanghai
 Qieu Xian Tan - Tui Na, one finger / chinese medicine ... helped master Wang research many things and introduced Master Han to Wang
 Wang Xiang Zai - founder of Yiquan, disciple of Guo You Sheng...Internal Kung Fu

     Master Han Xing Qiao was the disciple of Yiquan master Wang Xiang Zai at the Zenith of his life. In 1931 master Han was introduced to master Wang by master Hans teacher of internal medicine, Master Qieu Xian Tan in Shanghai.
  It was there and then that Master Wangs Yiquan was coalescing. Master Wang was exchanging many ideas with master Qieu, including the concept of zhong ,( pile standing, or keeping), one of the structural foundations of modern Yiquan. Master Qieu had an extensive library that held all of the classics, and in them Wang rersearched the ancient health dance, and the Yi ji Jing, (the shaolin book of tendon changing and bone marrow cleansing). All of these concepts where decoded by master Wangs real ability and feeling. In this sense they were not added on to his Yiquan, but instead instructed him in what Yiquan might be.

 In 1931 Master Han instantly became an ardent student of Master Wangs , (Master Wang adopted master Han as his real son and brought him into his home), for the next 15 years, until fate and politics took them to different parts of the country.
 
 In 1938 Masters Wang and Han moved to beijing.  In the northern Capital Master wang began teaching students at Beijing Si Cun Academy. Master Han assisted Master Wang and the art of Yiquan was spread and developed further. Both Masters never ceased to find something new in their understanding of what Yiquan is. The method and curriculum changed over time. One example is seen in Master Wang's Fa Li practice. The 1930s  is the only time we  see Master Wang give instruction in Fa Li as a separate practice. By 1939 he stopped this distinction stating "All of the Zhong are Fa Li" . To Master Wang's understanding this seemed clear. Some of the older students took this superficially and began a new invention of making  Zhongs first imaginarily soft ,(Song), and then imaginarily hard,(Jing). The first principle of Yi Quan is natural of course. Neither soft nor hard actually exist in Nature. It is only once we make a statement of mind that these things come into comparative distinction. For Master Wang, Yi Quan became simple, and more so over time. In the later days of his life, he taught only the main three Zhong.

  In 1973, Then premier Zhou Enlai personally appointed Master Han to introduce Yi quan theory into the state sports commission. The expression of Yiquan in modern sports was an honor. Master Hans ability to teach Yiquan principles translates to other aspects of life.

 Later Master Han was appointed the president of Xinjiang Wushu Association.

  Master Han can also be noted for his skill as a doctor, having been trained by numerous teachers, especially the instruction of Qieu Xian Tan. Master Qieu taught Master Han the Tui Na art of one finger treatment,(as well as chinese medicine). Master Han Qiao was an associate professor of Xinjiang traditional chinese medical collage and the traditional  chinese medicine association, Chairman of the Xinjiang province division.

 After retirement from medicine Master Han still focused on Yiquan development and research. He never stopped teaching Yi Quan. In 1985 with the support of the Hong Kong Yi Quan Association, Master Han opened the Zhuhai Yi Quan training center, in the city of Zhuhai. In 1990 Master Han was appointed Chairman of the Yi Quan Research Association. 

 Master Han Xing Qiao deeply felt that martial arts is within the Spirit of the Chinese Nation, culturally and philosophically , deep and profound. After more than Sixty years of practice and research, in 1993 Cosmos Books of Hong Kong published "YI Quan Xue". This book includes Yi quan main theories and outlines the methods of practice, including the aspects of health preservation and real combat technique.

 Master Han Xing Qiao had five boys and one girl child who succeed him. All of the boys are doctors and a few are noted as Yi Quan instructors. One son, Han Jing Chen asked to rename Yi Quan as Han Shi Yiquan, (Han family Yi Quan). This permission was given upon Master Han Xing Qiaos' passing in  october of 2004 at the age of 95. The reason the name was given is simple, this Yi Quan  method is the understanding of the essence that Master Han Xing Qiao transmitted to Master Han Jing Chen. The name distinguishes the art from other schools of Yi Quan who may have a different concept of how the principles of Yi Quan translate into practice.

  Master Han Chen Jing maintains his fathers teachings and gives instruction at the Han Shi Yi Quan training center in Zhuhai China. Instruction also occurs in Anhui province, Xinjiang province and Hong Kong. Master Han also has a  large branch in Japan where he travels to give seminars bi-annually. Hawaii also has two certified instructors, the only trainers in the West.